Oral or maxillofacial surgery is performed on the teeth, soft tissues of the mouth, jawbone, or surrounding tissues. Dental surgeons go through a few extra years of specialization after completing dental school, during which they are trained to perform oral surgeries with utmost care and precision.
Common oral surgeries
- Dental implantation: Dental implants are prosthetic teeth placed in the jawbone right in place of the extracted natural teeth. They are composed of a titanium stud having screw-like grooves on its surface, and a ceramic crown would be attached to it. This is done using a connecting element called the abutment and dental adhesives. The dentist administers local anesthesia and makes a small hole in the jawbone. The metal implant will be placed in the hole, and the crown will be bonded to it after a suitable healing period.
- Oral trauma:Injuries to the mouth, such as during an automobile accident, a bad fall, a hard blow to the mouth, or during a sports-related injury, may damage the teeth. In some instances, the jawbone may sustain fractures as well, which can be quite painful and lead to severe oral concerns if left untreated. We will perform oral surgery to treat the fractures to the jawbone and place dental restorations on the teeth to restore them to their ideal contour and form.
- Tooth extractions: A dental extraction would be necessary when the teeth have sustained damage, severe decay, or have been impacted in the jawbone socket. The extraction will be performed after we administer local anesthesia near the tooth to be extracted. The dentist will firmly grip the tooth using forceps, shake it to loosen it from the socket, and remove it in one firm motion. Suitable after-care instructions will be given to facilitate optimum healing.
- Gum graft: When you develop gum diseases, such as gingivitis or periodontitis, the gums may decay and recede below the gum line. If the condition is left untreated for a long duration, it may lead to more severe symptoms like loss of bone, loosening of the teeth from their sockets, etc. Hence, we will treat the condition by removing the tartar deposits and decayed tissues and use medication to halt the spread of the infection. The volume of gum tissues will be replenished by performing a gum graft, where healthy tissues will be extracted from the palate and meticulously grafted to the receded region.
- Bone graft: A bone graft is performed when the patient wishes to get a dental implant done but is denied the candidacy due to low jawbone volume. In this case, we will extract healthy tissues from a different source and graft them to the receded area. After a healing period of a few months, the newly grafted bone tissues will fuse with the existing ones to give you a healthier and more dense jawbone.
Please schedule a consultation with our dentist, Dr. Gyampo, by calling us at (919) 682-4861 or reaching us through an online query, and we’ll be happy to guide you further.